COASTAL MAP (SECTION), Ming dynasty 1368ï¿½1644, colour on paper, 30.5 x 2081 cm – TAASA Review December 2018
Copper gall-bladder vase decorated with flowers of the four seasons, Kangxi 1662ï¿½1722/Qing dynasty 1644ï¿½1911, painted enamels, 13.7 cm (h); 4.1 cm (rim diam) Meat-shaped stone, 1700s-1800s/ Qing dynasty 1644ï¿½1911, Jasper, golden stand, 6.6cm (h), 7.9cm (l) , 6.6cm (w) of annual changes in weather to create 24 solar terms.
Four illustrated leaves were chosen from the album `Ink marvels from a forest of pearls (IV)’, painted by Zhang Ruo’ai (1713ï¿½46) and calligraphed by Zhuang Yougong (1713ï¿½67) to give examples of the 24 solar terms.
They also convey the message that a ruler should follow the seasons and govern with the people in mind. In the visual arts, some plants came to stand for certain seasons, serving as common symbols of cyclical change in nature, such as the plum blossom for winter, the orchid for spring, the bamboo for summer and chrysanthemums for autumn, as depicted in naturalistic paintings and on a group of enamel-decorated porcelain (falangcai) of the Qing dynasty. Throughout China’s history, the imperial courts recruited gifted painters to serve in the palaces for both practical and aesthetic goals...