S O C IALI S T R E ALI S T ART I N S U K AR N O ’ S I N DO N E S IA – TAASA Review June 2014


This article was originally found in the June 2014 edition of TAASA Review (Volume 23, Issue 2, Page 14).

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Sahul Hamid T he ‘Guided Democracy’ years in Indonesia, 1959-1965, were dominated by Sukarno’s personality, a skilled manipulator of people and of symbols.

He represented a centre of power legitimacy, supported by his allies, the Indonesian Communist Party (PKI), the Military and religious groups.

In this revolutionary period, Sukarno needed to instill a sense of ongoing struggle in the minds of Indonesians...