U N C O V E RI N G AL E X A N D E R ‘ S ` LO S T ‘ C ITI E S – TAASA Review March 2013


This article was originally found in the March 2013 edition of TAASA Review (Volume 22, Issue 1, Page 4).

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John Tidmarsh I n the course of his 11 year conquest of the Persian Empire (334­323 BCE), Alexander the Great was said to have founded some 70 cities; subsequently his general and founder of the vast Seleucid empire, Seleucus Nicator (r.

312­281 BCE), established a further 60 or more.

Whilst it is probable that these numbers are exaggerated – undoubtedly many (or most) of these so-called foundations were already settlements in their own right prior to Alexander’s conquests – it is certain that during Alexander’s campaigns and the Hellenistic period that followed, a large number of Macedonians and other Greeks came to settle (voluntarily or otherwise) in the lands which stretched from the shores of the Mediterranean to the Hindu Kush...