OFFERINGS OF THE FIVE GEMS, Artist unknown, 1900s, thangka, mineral pigments on cloth, 108 x 250 cm. Zanabazar Fine Arts Museum, Ulaanbaatar. Photo: Felicity Jenkins – TAASA Review September 2012

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This article was originally found in the September 2012 edition of TAASA Review (Volume 21, Issue 3, Page 14).

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power extended indirectly through Buddhism into territories other than the Chinese ones they had conquered.

In 1691, following attacks on the Khalkha Mongols by the Zunghar Mongols further west, Zanabazar surrendered Khalkha territory to the Manchus in exchange for protection from the Zunghars.

Thus began the long period of Manchu domination of Mongolia, one not entirely antagonistic, for the Qing emperors were devout followers of Tibetan Buddhism, and as early in their reign as 1652 had invited the fifth Dalai Lama to Beijing, recognising that he was their most powerful ally in cementing their control over both Tibet and Mongolia. Zanabazar became closely associated with the Kangxi Emperor (r...